How does Marxist criticism apply to literature?

Marxist theory can be applied to literature by analyzing the social, economic and political elements such as class division, class struggle, and oppression.

How is Marxism applied to literature?

To Marxism, literature belongs to the superstructure which is a product of the base realities. Marxist approach relates literary text to the society, to the history and cultural and political systems in which it is created. It does not consider a literary text, devoid of its writer and the influences on the writer.

How does Marxism affect literature?

In literary theory, a Marxist interpretation reads the text as an expression of contemporary class struggle. Literature is not simply a matter of personal expression or taste. It somehow relates to the social and political conditions of the time. How it relates is of course up for debate.

Why is Marxist criticism important in literature?

It is through the theories of class struggle, politics, and economics that Marxist literary criticism emerged. The thought behind Marxist criticism is that works of literature are mere products of history that can be analyzed by looking at the social and material conditions in which they were constructed.

What is the significance of Marxism?

It laid down the theory of class struggle and revolution. Marxism deals with the theory and practice of socialism. It propagates the establishment of a classless society. The means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned by the community as a whole as against private ownership.


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