What Is Antiphonal and Responsorial Singing?

In responsorial singing, the soloist (or choir) sings a series of verses, each one followed by a response from the choir (or congregation). In antiphonal singing, the verses are sung alternately by soloist and choir, or by choir and congregation.

What does antiphonal mean in music?

antiphonal singing, alternate singing by two choirs or singers. Antiphonal singing is of great antiquity and occurs in the folk and liturgical music of many cultures. Descriptions of it occur in the Old Testament.

What is the meaning of responsorial singing?

responsorial singing, style of singing in which a leader alternates with a chorus, especially in liturgical chant. Responsorial singing, also known as call-and-response, is found in the folk music of many cultures—e.g., Native American, African, and African American.

What is antiphonal response?

The looser term antiphony is generally used for any call and response style of singing, such as the kirtan or the sea shanty and other work songs, and songs and worship in African and African-American culture. Antiphonal music is that performed by two choirs in interaction, often singing alternate musical phrases.

What is meant by direct antiphonal and responsorial performance?

Antiphonal: two halves of the choir alternate singing. 2. Responsorial: soloist alternates with choir or congregation. 3. Direct performance: No alternation.

What is Gib Addis?

Gib., Addis abbreviations for Gibraltar and Addis Ababa, respectively; refueling stops the evacuation plane made before crashing on the island.

What is the meaning of neumatic?

A style of plain chant that sets one syllable of text to one neume. A neume is a symbol that denotes two to four notes in the same symbol, thus each syllable is sung to two to four notes.

What is a polyrhythmic texture?

polyrhythm, also called Cross-rhythm, the simultaneous combination of contrasting rhythms in a musical composition. Rhythmic conflicts, or cross-rhythms, may occur within a single metre (e.g., two eighth notes against triplet eighths) or may be reinforced by simultaneous combinations of conflicting metres.

What is the process involved in a responsorial chant?

The main places in which responsorial chants occur are the canonical hours, or divine office, and the Alleluia and Gradual of the mass. In most cases the basic pattern is R V R, with the V section being one or a few psalm verses. In the Gradual, the final refrain, or responsory, is usually omitted, making the form R V.

How do you pronounce responsorial?

  1. re-spon-so-r-ial.
  2. re-spon-so-r-i-al. Eudora Huel.
  3. re-spon-sorial. Kassandra Upton.

What is prime and terce?

Prime (early morning, the first hour of daylight, approximately 6 a.m.) Terce (third hour, 9 a.m.) Sext (sixth hour, noon) Nones (ninth hour, 3 p.m.)

What is antiphonal quizlet?

What does antiphonal mean? a performance style that alternates between two groups.

Is Kyrie a pneumatic?

The chant of the Kyrie ranges from neumatic (patterns of one to four notes per syllable) to melismatic (unlimited notes per syllable) styles. The Gloria appeared in the 7th century.

What is melody of Gregorian chant?

Melody – The melody of a Gregorian chant is very free-flowing. The chant moves up and down by steps and small leaps within a narrow range. Melodies are often melismatic- syllables are held out over multiple notes. Harmony – Gregorian chants are monophonic in texture, so have no harmony.

What is meter of Gregorian chant?

Gregorian chant is in free rhythm, without meter or time signature.

Is Agnus Dei melismatic?

The Agnus Dei was brought into the Latin mass from the Eastern Church in the 7th century and is basically in neumatic style. The concluding Ite Missa Est and its substitute Benedicamus Domino usually use the melody of the opening Kyrie.

What is the most famous Gregorian chant?

  • Requiem massTraditional, Choir of the Carmelite Priory, Monks’ Choir of the Benedictine Abbey of St.
  • Mariam antiphonsTraditional, Choir of the Carmelite Priory, Monks’ Choir of the Benedictine Abbey of St.

What is the secular vocal polyphonic music composition?

A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance (15th–16th c.) and early Baroque (1600–1750) eras.

Who created plainchant?

Plainchant, or plainsong, is also known as Gregorian chant and forms the core of the musical repertoire of the Roman Catholic Church. It consists of about 3,000 melodies collected and organized during the reigns of several 6th- and 7th-century popes. Most instrumental in codifying these chants was Pope Gregory I.

When several musicians sing or play the same musical line?

polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”). Thus, even a single interval made up of two simultaneous tones or a chord of three simultaneous tones is rudimentarily polyphonic.

What period is Chorale?

Chorale – A hymn sung by the choir and congregation often in unison. Chorus – A group singing in unison. Classical – The period of music history which dates from the mid 1700’s to mid 1800’s. The music was spare and emotionally reserved, especially when compared to Romantic and Boroque music.

How long was Gregorian chant used?

Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions. Although popular legend credits Pope Gregory I with inventing Gregorian chant, scholars believe that it arose from a later Carolingian synthesis of Roman chant and Gallican chant.

Is chant a type of music?

Chant may be considered speech, music, or a heightened or stylized form of speech. In the later Middle Ages some religious chant evolved into song (forming one of the roots of later Western music).

What period is Madrigal?

Madrigal is the name of a musical genre for voices that set mostly secular poetry in two epochs: the first occurred during the 14th century; the second in the 16th and early 17th centuries.

What is a syllabic text setting?

A setting of text to music in which each syllable of is represented by one or few notes.

How do Gregorian chants tend to move?

Gregorian chant melodies tend to move by leaps over a wide range of pitches.

What period is mass?

The musical setting of the Ordinary of the mass was the principal large-scale form of the Renaissance. The earliest complete settings date from the 14th century, with the most famous example being the Messe de Nostre Dame of Guillaume de Machaut.

What are the characteristics of Gregorian chant?

Gregorian chant is a monophonic style of music, meaning there is only one melodic line. With the absence of polyphonic harmonies, all singers follow the single melody in unison. The effect is often magnificent, sometimes haunting, especially when sung in acoustically perfect places of worship like St.

Is Medieval music free meter?

Gregorian chant, consisting of a single line of vocal melody, unaccompanied in free rhythm was one of the most common forms of medieval music. This is not surprising, given the importance of the Catholic church during the period.

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